Lying is a relatively common behavior in children. But it does take effort—and quick thinking! Children learn to lie as young as 2, but it’s not till they are older that they learn to lie well.
It is around 6 or 7 years when we begin to see a shift—not just in a better understandingof social rules and how to interpret them; but also in an important cognitive skill known as working memory. Working memory is the ability to remember and process information.
In my research, I wanted to explore whether working memory is related to lying. This is an important issue as lying involves keeping multiple pieces of information in mind in order to tell a successful lie. You have to remember what you said—what you think the other person knows—and what you want to tell them (the lie). And remember what you said when you are asked about it later!
So we designed this study looking at 6 and 7-year-old children. We first tested their Working Memory by asking them how many things they could remember, like the letters that were presented on a computer screen.
Then we measured lying behavior using something called the temptation resistance paradigm. The goal here was to present a situation to the children that would be tempting. We asked the children a series of questions, like “What noise does a dog make?” and gave them a reward for every correct answer.
The final question was about a fake cartoon—What is the name of the character in Spaceboy? But before they can answer, we leave the room and tell them not to peek at the card.
The results revealed two things:
1. Children couldn't resist the temptation to peek and lie about it!
Almost all of the children who peek lied about it when asked, as we discovered when we checked the hidden cameras.
2. Children with good working memory told good lies.
These children were able to mask their lies by making their guesses seem plausible, like "Oh it’s is my favorite cartoon, I watch it every Saturday.” Not only that, but they were also able to successfully cover their tracks when asked follow up questions.
What does it mean for a parent?
The good news is that lying behavior decreases, as children get older. There is less social reinforcement for lying—on the playground for example. So take heart that if your child does lie, at least they are smart.
This research in the news
MY RESEARCH (FULL LIST)
- Liar, Liar, Working Memory on Fire: Investigating the Role of Working Memory in Childhood Verbal Deception. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology.