Why sitting is bad for learning if you have ADHD

Don’t wiggle – sit still!

We typically have the notion that in order to learn we have to sit still – we spend a lot of time in classrooms inculcating the importance of focused attention WHILE being still and not moving.

But now that traditional view is being turned on its head with a recent study of school children. Researchers found that for students with ADHD they learn best when they squirm.

They took a group of 8-12 year old boys and observed them in a classroom with a high-speed camera. They found that for the boys with ADHD – the more activity they showed (like foot-tapping, leg-swinging and chair-scooting) – the better their working memory.

But here is the interesting thing – the same pattern isn’t true for the student without ADHD. The more activity they showed – the WORSE their working memory.

WHY? For the student with ADHD – the movement has a purpose – it helps them focus and stay attentive to a task. In the student with ADHD, certain parts of the brain are less active- like the prefrontal cortex – which is responsible for working memory and attention. The extra physical movement can increase activity and result in improved learning.

So it’s not about reducing movement in those with ADHD but about how to channel it.

What can you do?

It’s not a “let them run around crazily” attitude but allowing them to have movement.

·      Let your children learn while on an exercise bike

·      Walk around and read.

·      Use a wobble board

WATCH THE CHAT

Working Memory and Special Educational Needs

IMG_0865.JPG

We had the wonderful opportunity to share with staff at Keystone Academy, a wonderful academy that supports students with learning needs.

Here are some of the topics we covered:

  • Why working memory is the number one classroom skill
  • How a poor working memory is a common thread in learning difficulties, including in those with Autism, ADHD and Dyslexia
  • Why it is more important than IQ
  • How focusing on working memory can improve learning
  • We also talked about how small but crucial tweaks in lifestyle-like what your children eat and how much they sleep-can pay big dividends at school.