How to Detect Early Signs of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by difficulties in reading and spelling, despite average levels of intelligence. Individuals with dyslexia also show weakness in phonological awareness, verbal working memory, and processing speed. Younger students with Dyslexia tend to struggle with sounds, more than the meaning of words. This can explain why students with dyslexia are often described as bright and articulate, yet their written work shows little evidence of this. 

Poor working memory is a key part – we have to use working memory to match the sound with the letter and then put it all together.

One way to support poor working memory in students with dyslexia is to help them automate some letter sounds so they can use their working memory to focus on the comprehension of the text.  WATCH

Why sitting is bad for learning if you have ADHD

Don’t wiggle – sit still!

We typically have the notion that in order to learn we have to sit still – we spend a lot of time in classrooms inculcating the importance of focused attention WHILE being still and not moving.

But now that traditional view is being turned on its head with a recent study of school children. Researchers found that for students with ADHD they learn best when they squirm.

They took a group of 8-12 year old boys and observed them in a classroom with a high-speed camera. They found that for the boys with ADHD – the more activity they showed (like foot-tapping, leg-swinging and chair-scooting) – the better their working memory.

But here is the interesting thing – the same pattern isn’t true for the student without ADHD. The more activity they showed – the WORSE their working memory.

WHY? For the student with ADHD – the movement has a purpose – it helps them focus and stay attentive to a task. In the student with ADHD, certain parts of the brain are less active- like the prefrontal cortex – which is responsible for working memory and attention. The extra physical movement can increase activity and result in improved learning.

So it’s not about reducing movement in those with ADHD but about how to channel it.

What can you do?

It’s not a “let them run around crazily” attitude but allowing them to have movement.

·      Let your children learn while on an exercise bike

·      Walk around and read.

·      Use a wobble board