How to Detect Early Signs of Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by difficulties in reading and spelling, despite average levels of intelligence. Individuals with dyslexia also show weakness in phonological awareness, verbal working memory, and processing speed. Younger students with Dyslexia tend to struggle with sounds, more than the meaning of words. This can explain why students with dyslexia are often described as bright and articulate, yet their written work shows little evidence of this. 

Poor working memory is a key part – we have to use working memory to match the sound with the letter and then put it all together.

One way to support poor working memory in students with dyslexia is to help them automate some letter sounds so they can use their working memory to focus on the comprehension of the text.  WATCH

Working Memory and Special Educational Needs


We had the wonderful opportunity to share with staff at Keystone Academy, a wonderful academy that supports students with learning needs.

Here are some of the topics we covered:

  • Why working memory is the number one classroom skill
  • How a poor working memory is a common thread in learning difficulties, including in those with Autism, ADHD and Dyslexia
  • Why it is more important than IQ
  • How focusing on working memory can improve learning
  • We also talked about how small but crucial tweaks in lifestyle-like what your children eat and how much they sleep-can pay big dividends at school.